Appendix: The PHRASE List

Phrasal expressions divided to match 1K frequency bands of the most common word families in the BNC. The Integrated List Rank represents where each item falls when both lists (individual and phrase lists) are merged together.

There are three categories of genre with frequency information to help the list user discern the appropriateness/usefulness of each phrase. The frequency information breaks down as follows:

* * * = phrase most common in this genre (or as common)

* * = phrase less common in this genre

* = phrase infrequent in this genre

X = phrase rare or non-existent in this genre

 

1k phrases

Integrated

List

Rank

Phrase

Frequency

(per 100 million)

Spoken general

Written general

Written academic

Example

107

HAVE TO

83092

* * *

* *

*

I exercise because I have to.

165

THERE IS/ARE

59833

* * *

* * *

* *

There are some problems.

415

SUCH AS

30857

*

* * *

* * *

We have questions, such as how it happened.

463

GOING TO (FUTURE)

28259

* * *

* *

x

I?m going to think about it.

483

OF COURSE

26966

* * *

* *

*

He said he?d come of course.

489

A FEW

26451

* * *

* *

*

After a few drinks, she started to dance.

518

AT LEAST

25034

* * *

* *

* *

Well, you could email me at least.

551

SUCH A(N)

23894

* * *

* *

*

She had such a strange sense of humor.

556

I MEAN

23616

* * *

x

x

It?s fine, but, I mean, is it worth the price?

598

A LOT

22332

* * *

*

x

They go camping a lot in the summer.

631

RATHER THAN

21085

* * *

* * *

* * *

Children, rather than adults, tend to learn quickly.

635

SO THAT

20966

* * *

* *

*

Park it so that the wheels are curbed.

655

A LITTLE

20296

* * *

* *

*

I like to work out a little before dinner.

674

A BIT (OF)

19618

* * *

* *

x

There was a bit of drama today at the office.

717

AS WELL AS

18041

* * *

* * *

* * *

She jogs as well as swims.

803

IN FACT

15983

* * *

* * *

* *

The researchers tried several approaches, in fact.

807

(BE) LIKELY TO

15854

* * *

* * *

* * *

To be honest, I?m likely to forget.

825

GO ON

15610

* * *

* * *

*

He went on for a while before stopping for lunch.

845

IS TO

15232

x

* * *

x

Obama is to address the media this afternoon.

854

A NUMBER OF

15090

* *

* * *

* * *

A number of concerns were raised.

879

AT ALL

14650

* * *

* * *

* *

Do you have any kids at all?

888

AS IF

14470

* *

* * *

x

They walked together as if no time had passed.

892

USED TO (PAST)

14411

* * *

*

x

It used to snow much more often.

894

WAS TO

14366

x

* * *

* *

The message was to be transmitted worldwide.

908

NOT ONLY

14110

* * *

* * *

* * *

Not only was it cheap, it was delicious.

913

THOSE WHO

13951

x

* * *

* * *

He would defend those who had no voice.

934

DEAL WITH

13634

* * *

* * *

* *

The police had several issues to deal with.

939

LEAD TO ('CAUSE')

13555

*

* * *

* *

Excessive smoking can lead to heart disease.

951

SORT OF

13361

* * *

x

x

It?s sort of why I?m here.

974

THE FOLLOWING

12963

x

*

* * *

He made the following remarks.

984

IN ORDER TO

12762

* *

* * *

* * *

We shared a room in order to reduce costs

988

HAVE GOT (+NP)

12734

* * *

*

x

I don?t know what he has got planned.

 

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------end of 1k

#2k_Phrases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1033

HAVE GOT TO

12270

* * *

* *

x

You have got to try this salad.

1079

SET UP

11560

* *

* * *

* *

The whole thing was set up beforehand.

1082

AS TO

11535

*

* * *

* * *

There was some confusion as to its whereabouts.

1083

AS WELL

11519

* * *

* * *

* * *

I like it as well.

1088

BASED ON

11440

* *

* * *

* * *

Based on the reports, it seems it was an accident.

1146

CARRY OUT

10753

*

* *

* * *

It was not as easy to carry out without funding.

1169

TAKE PLACE

10556

* * *

* * *

* *

No one was sure exactly why it took place there.

1175

TEND TO

10504

* * *

* * *

* * *

I tend to think it?s actually a political matter.

1183

DUE TO

10454

* * *

* * *

* * *

Many people believe it is due to global warming.

1204

FAIL TO

10263

* * *

* * *

* * *

I fail to see the humor in all this.

1209

EACH OTHER

10160

* * *

* *

*

The good thing is that they still have each other.

1234

IN TERMS OF

9881

* * *

* * *

* * *

What is your limit, in terms of price?

1262

NO ONE

9597

* * *

* *

*

I will speak to no one about this.

1299

PICK UP

9252

* * *

* *

x

She dropped by to pick up her friend.

1352

UP TO (MAXIMUM)

8733

* * *

* * *

* * *

Up to twenty people may be interviewed for the job.

1356

A SINGLE (?ANY?)

8710

* * *

* *

*

Not a single idea emerged from the meeting.

1371

NO LONGER

8556

* *

* * *

* *

Fortunately, it is no longer a concern now.

1387

LOOK FOR

8377

* * *

* *

*

Bargains can be found if you know what to look for.

1427

LAST NIGHT

7992

* * *

*

x

What did he say last night?

1438

AS A RESULT

7939

*

* *

* * *

He was tired and as a result not very aware.

1453

IN ADDITION (TO)

7822

* *

* * *

* * *

The house was well located in addition.

1487

WORK ON

7600

* * *

* *

*

That kid needs to work on his attitude.

1517

THINK ABOUT

7243

* * *

* *

x

I?m thinking about changing careers.

1529

FOR INSTANCE

7138

*

* * *

* * *

That holds true for even the governor for instance.

1530

TOO MUCH

7123

* * *

* *

*

I don?t worry about it too much.

1532

YOU SEE

7102

* * *

x

x

And the problem you see is with awareness-raising.

1533

IN PARTICULAR

7092

* *

* * *

* * *

There?s nothing in particular wrong with it.

1542

A COUPLE OF

7007

* * *

* *

x

They need a couple of minutes still.

1556

INSTEAD OF

6907

* * *

* * *

* *

He can go instead of me.

1573

COME BACK

6772

* * *

* * *

* * *

But we can come back to that later.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1591

LOOK LIKE

6595

* * *

* *

x

It?s not what it looks like.

1605

FIND OUT

6499

* * *

* * *

* *

How did you find out?

1638

POINT OUT

6325

* * *

* * *

* * *

She pointed out that it was getting late.

1647

APART FROM

6287

* * *

* * *

* * *

Are there any others, apart from him?

1657

CALL FOR

6243

*

* * *

* *

Hard times call for tough measures.

1661

MANAGE TO

6234

* * *

* * *

* *

Did you manage to get in touch at all?

1667

OR TWO

6192

* * *

* *

*

He had a thing or two to drink, then left.

1681

A FURTHER (?ANOTHER?)

6121

*

* *

* * *

It?s a further reason to reconsider the project.

1696

COME OUT

6031

* * *

* * *

* * *

It?s supposed to come out on Friday.

1713

BE EXPECTED TO

5964

* * *

* * *

* *

They can?t be expected to just sit there and wait.

1716

SEEK TO

5937

*

* * *

* * *

The new board sought to find alternative solutions.

1733

GO THROUGH

5857

* * *

* * *

* *

You can?t imagine what I?m going through.

1740

LONG TERM

5831

* * *

* * *

* * *

It seems to work, but what of the long term effects?

1759

RESULT IN

5763

*

* *

* * *

Excessive criticism resulted in feelings of animosity.

1764

THAT IS (REPHRASING)

5737

* * *

* * *

* * *

It?s yours, as long as you pay that is.

1778

EVEN THOUGH

5664

* * *

* * *

* * *

I can?t even though it looks easy enough.

1779

A RANGE OF

5651

* * *

* * *

* * *

Eventually, a range of events changed that.

1815

THE LATTER (anaphor)

5519

x

* *

* * *

The latter may still be a challenge.

1818

MAKE SURE

5510

* * *

* * *

* *

I had to make sure before I opened the door.

1843

TAKE OVER

5394

* * *

* * *

* *

You can?t just let the kids take over.

1850

CONSIST OF

5362

*

* * *

* * *

What does it consist of?

1861

AS SOON AS

5323

* * *

* * *

* *

As soon as he can he will call you back.

1873

AT THE TIME ('WHEN THIS HAPPENED')

5282

* * *

* * *

* *

I was busy at the time.

1877

ON THE OTHER HAND

5267

* * *

* * *

* *

On the other hand, the business did make a profit.

1886

ON ONE'S OWN

5240

* * *

* * *

*

You did this on your own?

1894

ALL RIGHT

5230

* * *

* *

x

If it?s all right I think I?ll head off to bed.

1900

SUBJECT TO

5218

x

*

* * *

All baggage is subject to inspection.

1904

AFTER ALL (adv.)

5197

* * *

* * *

*

He is only six years old, after all.

1908

IN FRONT OF ('BEFORE')

5190

* * *

* * *

* *

She did not want to say anything in front of the kids.

1910

TO DO WITH

5184

* * *

*

*?

I think it has something to do with physics.

1912

GO OUT

5173

* * *

* * *

*

Brochures went out to prospective buyers.

1920

A GOOD/GREAT DEAL ('MUCH')

5126

* * *

* * *

*

She means a great deal to me.

1929

ON THE WAY

5085

* * *

* *

*

We can stop for lunch on the way.

1931

AS LONG AS

5084

* * *

* * *

*

It makes no difference as long as it?s done.

1951

SO FAR ('UNTIL NOW')

5018

* * *

* * *

* * *

Any questions so far?

1958

OUGHT TO

5002

* * *

*

x

She hasn?t but she ought to.

1959

AT THE MOMENT

5001

* * *

* * *

* *

They have a lot going on at the moment.

1967

AS THOUGH

4988

*

* * *

* *

He smiled then, as though remembering a joke.

1970

COME TO ('EVOLVE TO')

4970

* *

* * *

*

We came to see it for what it was.

1974

ALONG WITH

4948

* *

* * *

* *

Along with his dog, the cat slowly stopped eating.

1982

MAY WELL ('COULD')

4931

* * *

* * *

* * *

He hasn?t yet but may well try before long.

2001

GET OUT

4858

* * *

* *

x

There was no way to get out of work that Friday.

2013

FOLLOWED BY

4816

*

* * *

* * *

The workshop will be followed by time for questions.

2018

IN (THE SENSE) THAT

4805

* * *

* * *

* * *

It?s great in that there are so many restaurants.

2022

THE CASE ('TRUE')

4794

* *

* * *

* * *

It?s not the case that I don?t love him.

2038

TAKE UP

4717

* * *

* *

*

I don?t wish to take up more time than is necessary.

2060

ACCOUNT FOR

4642

*

* * *

* * *

They?ll need to account for their actions.

2064

SET OUT

4624

*

* * *

* *

She accomplished what she set out to do.

2067

AS FAR AS

4619

* * *

* * *

* *

What are you thinking, as far as feasibility on this?

2068

CONCERNED WITH

4619

*

* * *

* * *

They spoke on issues concerned with culture.

2075

ABOUT TO

4600

* * *

* * *

*

Things were about to change.

2086

SUPPOSED TO

4586

* * *

* *

* *

I didn?t go, but I was supposed to.

2087

AND SO ON

4584

* * *

* * *

* * *

My parents arrived, then John, his wife, and so on.

2105

COME ON

4519

* * *

*

x

Come on, think about it!

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------end of 2k

 

3k_Phrases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2124

TAKE ON

4451

* *

* * *

*

You?d better think twice before taking on more work.

2131

WORK OUT

4432

* * *

* *

* *

I?m trying to work out what it stands for.

2135

ALL OVER ('EVERYWHERE')

4420

* * *

* * *

*

The news was all over the web.

2149

OTHER THAN

4380

* *

* * *

* * *

No one other than you could have come up with it.

2156

OUT OF (?IN?/?FROM?)

4361

*

* * *

* * *

In terms of colour, three out of five were silver.

2157

TURN OUT

4354

* * *

* * *

* *

How did it turn out?

2164

LOOK AFTER

4332

* * *

* *

x

She did more than just look after the finances.

2173

AT LAST

4306

* *

* * *

*

At last we met over coffee last week.

2179

A VARIETY OF

4283

* *

* * *

* * *

And a variety of issues seemed to stall the process.

2180

AT FIRST

4275

* * *

* * *

* * *

Not at first, but just the other day there was one.

2216

OR SO

4164

* * *

* * *

* * *

A day or so later he called me back on my mobile.

2231

IN FAVOUR

4073

* * *

* * *

* * *

I don?t know about you but I?m in favour.

2258

GIVE UP

3997

* * *

* * *

*

You can?t just give up.

2263

GET TO ('ARRIVE AT')

3979

* * *

* *

*

When he got to the end he started to weep.

2280

FIND ONESELF

3917

* *

* * *

*

I found myself driving home.

2298

GET UP

3857

* * *

* *

x

It was easy getting up but the commute was awful.

2345

CARRY ON

3759

* * *

* * *

* *

He could simply not carry on.

2361

GO BACK

3722

* * *

* * *

* * *

If I could I?d go back and do it all over again.

2371

FOCUS ON

3703

* *

* * *

* * *

But today I?d like to focus on something different.

2379

AT ONCE

3684

* *

* * *

* *

I did it at once.

2384

IT TAKES

3670

* * *

* * *

* * *

No matter what it takes.

2388

GET ON/OFF (TRANs)

3656

* * *

* *

x

We waited for hours in the queue to get on.

2404

AS A WHOLE

3615

* *

* * *

* * *

As a whole it?s OK.

2407

IN PRACTICE

3609

*

* * *

* * *

There was nothing she could do in practice.

2408

BY THE TIME

3607

* * *

* * *

*

By the time dinner started there were none left.

2409

LOTS OF

3605

* * *

* *

x

Lots of them do travel during the winter months.

2417

SAID TO BE

3586

x

* * *

*

The priest was said to be missing.

2425

IN TIME

3566

* *

* * *

* *

You will in time.

2429

IN TURN

3558

*

* *

* * *

The supermarket in turn will donate seven thousand.

2437

ONCE AGAIN

3532

* * *

* * *

* * *

Once again, this was completely unforeseen.

2439

ALL THE TIME

3527

* * *

* *

*

I go there all the time.

2442

ON THE BASIS (OF)

3515

*

* * *

* * *

She came on the basis that it would help her.

2445

KIND OF

3510

* * *

*

x

The windows are kind of fogged up.

2446

GET INTO

3508

* * *

* *

*

I really got into what he was talking about.

2454

RELY ON

3488

* * *

* * *

* * *

He has no one else to rely on.

2483

GO FOR

3421

* * *

*

x

I could really go for a hamburger right now.

2484

AIM TO

3415

*

* * *

* * *

They aim to complete the project by the spring.

2498

MAKE UP (?COMPRISE?)

3394

*

* * *

* * *

Hispanics make up a large part of the population.

2531

APPEAL TO

3299

* *

* * *

* *

It appeals to younger learners.

2536

END UP

3285

* * *

* * *

* *

We ended up going anyway.

2548

SHAKE ONE?S HEAD

3250

*

* * *

x

He just shook his head and laughed.

2557

NO MORE THAN (?ONLY?)

3226

*

* *

* * *

No more than five of them had auto insurance.

2575

GET BACK

3178

* * *

* *

*

What time will we get back?

2584

WHAT ABOUT

3160

* * *

* *

x

But what about tomorrow?

2586

IN OTHER WORDS

3159

* * *

* * *

* * *

The groups are in other words conservative.

2588

AS FOR

3157

* *

* * *

* *

As for the promotion, there may be other options.

2599

NOT EVEN

3128

* * *

* * *

* * *

No one cared, not even when they saw the photos.

2606

ENTITLED TO

3113

*

* * *

* * *

You?re entitled to your opinion.

2608

PRIOR TO

3110

*

* * *

* * *

Prior to the event, the organizers called the band.

2616

CHOOSE TO

3099

* *

* * *

* * *

You may choose to believe what the papers say.

2622

SOMETHING LIKE (?AROUND?)

3092

* * *

*

x

She makes something like five grand a month.

2624

KNOWN TO

3091

x

* * *

* * *

He?s known to be like that.

2636

IN TOUCH (WITH)

3060

* * *

* * *

*

Are you two at all in touch?

2637

IN THE END

3050

* * *

* * *

* *

In the end it?s like what they say about horses.

2654

IN THE WAY

3013

* * *

* *

x

I won?t stand in the way.

2657

CARE FOR

3004

* * *

* *

*?

He doesn?t care for it very much in his tea.

2658

IN THE EVENT (OF)

2998

x

* * *

* * *

In the event you change your mind, let me know.

2675

THEY SAY

2962

* * *

*

x

They say it tastes like chicken.

2688

SO CALLED

2944

* *

* * *

* * *

Any so called rumors are as easily their fault.

2702

TAKE INTO ACCOUNT

2921

*

* * *

* * *

You must also take into account the rush hour.

2709

IN RESPECT OF

2909

x

* * *

* * *

There was nothing in respect of drink.

2711

OUT OF ('USING')

2907

* * *

* * *

* *

The walls are made out of wood.

2719

AT THE SAME TIME ('CONVERSELY')

2892

* *

* * *

* * *

At the same time it may be worth it.

2724

NEXT TO

2882

* * *

* * *

*

Next to his sister, he was the best looking of them.

2734

TURN UP

2865

* * *

*

x

The money turned up later.

2735

POINT OF VIEW

2864

* *

* * *

* * *

They all had a different point of view.

2744

AT PRESENT

2847

*

* * *

* * *

There?s nothing to do at present.

2752

USED TO (ACCUSTOMED)

2831

* * *

* * *

*

It may take a while to get used to.

2759

WHETHER OR NOT

2824

*

* * *

* * *